The pump, or slide action, shotgun was invented in 1882 and was a hit with shooters since then. Used models found anywhere may be divided into two kinds, single-arm, and double-arm. This refers to the amount of arms connecting the pump to the bolt. Older designs used only one, which may cause reliability problems and should be avoided unless the purchase price is correct, or you are only feeling nostalgic. Most modern pumps, like the Winchester 1200, Remington model 870, and Mossberg 500 are dual arm, hammerless designs. It is ideal to stick with hot models made by important US-based manufacturers since you can easily buy aftermarket accessories and replacement parts. When pricing used pumps, an appropriate range for many basic versions is between $125-$200 as a brand new gun can be had for any more than that. The key things to consider are that the slide activity itself is functional. This can be analyzed with secure snap cap dummy rounds which you can purchase for only a couple dollars. Request permission before you just load it up and start cranking away, you’ll make more friends that way.
With semi automatic shotguns, the most important thing to check is the magazine spring. Bear in mind, many auto loaders can be extremely old. The Browning Auto 5 has been introduced in 1905. The magazine spring which pushes shells into the room will eventually fail. To inspect best single stage reloading press on a used gun, then take the meeting with consent and remove the spring attentively. If it is kinked up like a destroyed slinky, starting to break in the touch, or unwind in the ends, chances are that will be a problem. While they can easily be replaced and not very costly, it is something which affects the value of what you are prepared to spend.
Some double barrel guns you encounter are 19th century fowling pieces with Damascus steel barrels. These were meant to take black powder, not modern smokeless shells and are harmful to fire. Likewise, check to find out if the barrels are dented or bulged. Many old side-by-sides was exceptionally long (up to 32-inches) so check to find out whether the barrels are shortened. Also, check and be sure that the barrels do not have too much play once the action is open. That’s a sure indication of a worn out piece. These are the most entry level of shotguns. A Excellent single barrel, or Hinge-break sort of shotgun will run $80-$100 new in the box, so make certain to keep this in mind when buying any second-hand one you find. These guns are light and convenient but many shooters shy away from them because of excessive recoil, particularly with high-brass shells. Any single barrel shotgun you look at should break cleanly open at the hinge. Test the action while it is closed to make sure that it doesn’t pop open without pressing on the lever.